Introduction to Health Information Technology

Health Information Technology: Advancing Patient-Centeredness and Equity through Technology

The other major health care policy legislation enacted within the past two years is the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, which was part of the economic stimulus legislation, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.  The HITECH Act provides up to $30 billion to hospitals, physicians, community health centers and other “eligible providers”.  The federal funds will be available through incentive payments paid through Medicare and Medicaid.  Hospitals and physicians must demonstrate “meaningful use of certified electronic health records” to qualify for the incentive payments.  The Office of National Coordinator for Health Information Technology is overseeing most of the implementation of the HITECH Act, in collaboration with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, which is overseeing the Medicare and Medicaid incentive payments.

I have compiled some key resources on the implementation of the HITECH Act, with a focus on how it might impact safety net health care providers, and patients and health care consumers, especially from underserved communities.

The best overview of the HITECH Act was published by the California HealthCare Foundation.  Manatt Health Solutions recently published an insightful “one year after enactment” review of the implementation of the HITECH Act.  Other useful resources include:

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation – Health Affairs Policy Brief on Meaningful Use

National Partnership for Women and Children Consumer Benefits from Meaningful Use

I have been most interested in how the implementation and utilization of health information (and communications) technologies can advance patient-centeredness and equity.

Here is my presentation on the HITECH Act for the National HIT Collaborative for the Underserved and a bulletin I authored, published by the California Pan-Ethnic Health Network on these issues.

And here are some useful resources for understanding how patients and consumers, particularly from communities of color and other underserved populations, could benefit from health information and communications technologies:

Pew Internet Project on Digital Divide

California HealthCare Foundation 2010 Consumer Survey

California HealthCare Foundation: How Smartphones are Changing Health Care

California HealthCare Foundation: Creating EHR Networks in the Safety Net

One of the concepts I have been promoting is the process of identifying the specific issues or needs for underserved populations – for example, the need for tailored, adaptable patient education materials in multiple languages and formats – and then developing and implementing “universal” solutions that benefit everyone – for example, the ability to archive and access multiple versions of patient education materials from an electronic health record system.  This would mean educational materials about asthma care would be available electronically from an electronic health record system in English, Spanish, Chinese and Vietnamese, at a literacy level usable by patients and families with lower health literacy in each of those languages, and could be printed in a large fonts for persons who would benefit from increased readability.

There are many useful articles that have been published about the implementation of the HITECH Act:

Brailer DJ.  “Guiding the health information technology agenda.”  Health Affairs (2010); 29(4): 586-595

Bates DW and Bitton A. “The future of health information technology in the patient-centered medical homes.”  Health Affairs (2010); 29(4): 614–621

Tang PC and Lansky D.  “The missing link: bridging the patient-provider health information gap.” Health Affairs. (2005);24(5):1290-1295.

Torda P, Han ES and Scholle SH.  Easing the adoption and use of electronic health records in small practices.” Health Affairs (2010); 29(4): 668–675

Miller RH , et al. “The value of electronic health records in solo or small group practices.”
Health Affairs, (2005); 24(5): 1127-1137

Lee J , et al.  “The adoption gap: Health information technology in small physician practices.”  Health Affairs, (2005); 24(5): 1364-1366

Miller RH and West CE.  “The value of electronic health records in community health centers: Policy implications.”  Health Affairs,(2007); 26(1): 206-214

Shields AE, et al.  “Adoption of health information technology in community health centers: Results of a national survey.”  Health Affairs (2007); 26(5): 1373-1383

Millery M and Kukafka R.  “Health information technology and quality of health care: Strategies for reducing disparities in underresourced settings.” Med Care Res Rev.(2010) Jul 30. [Epub ahead of print]

Baig AA, et al. “The use of quality improvement and health information technology approaches to improve diabetes outcomes in African American and Hispanic patients.  Med Care Res Rev. (2010) Jul 30. [Epub ahead of print]

Ngo-Metzger Q, et al.  “Improving communication between patients and providers using health information technology and other quality improvement strategies: Focus on Asian Americans.” Med Care Res Rev. (2010) Jul 30. [Epub ahead of print]

I will continue to add more content on sub-topics for this huge change in health care delivery in the U.S., as well as catalog and comment on additional resources as they become available.

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